Junagadh was the capital of the Junagadh state under
the Muslim rulers of Babi Nawabs. In Gujarati, "Junagadh"
means an ancient fort. The town of Junagadh takes its
name from the fort that enclosed the medieval town.
Junagadh is situated in the Saurashtra region at the
foothills of the Mount Girnar and occupies a special
place in the history of Gujarat. The town of Junagadh
is beautiful with very wide streets, arches, shopping
arcades and cool gardens. Its splendour is more like
an English city rather than a city in the remote
corner of Gujarat. Various ancient temples, museums,
forts and palaces are the major interesting monuments
located in Junagadh.
The history of Junagadh can be known by the rule of
the Mauryans, Kashatrapas, Guptas, Vallabhas,
Babi Nawab, Chaudasamas, Gujarat Sultans. In the
earlier periods, Junagadh was under the influence of
four major religions mainly, Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and
Muslims. Both, political powers and religious
influences enriched the culture and created fantastic
edifices leaving their mark on the architecture of
Junagadh. The Nawab Mahobat Khan II beautified
Junagadh and patronized the construction of several
buildings and urban projects like Aina Mahal, Circle